Nepal is mostly known to the world as a country of the Himalayas. There is no denying in that fact with eight of fourteen tallest mountains all above 8,000 meters and not to mention the tallest and glorious one, Mount Everest. However, Nepal has more to offer. Nepal is a blessed country with so much variety in wildlife’s and plants, and some of them are so rare that you can find them only in Nepal. For such a small country, the richness of biodiversity is amazement. Every day hundreds of tourists take a journey to visit Nepal to see and experience the beauty of that lies in the wild of Nepal.
Nepal is home for adventure lovers. There is every sort of daring you can do here, which will pass a chill through your bones, the adventures so exhilarating and breathtaking. Rafting, jungle safari, skydiving, paragliding, bungee jumping, zip flyer and many more you can do in this small, proud and beautiful country, Nepal, well, thanks to the tremendous geographical diversity.
Nepal has ten National Parks, largest one being Shey-Phuksundo National Park with an area of 3,555 sq km, four wildlife reserve, largest one is Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve with an area of 1,325 sq km and six conservation area, the largest one is Annapurna Conservation Area with 7,629 sq km. In all of these national parks, wildlife reserve, and conservation area, you will find large biodiversity with richness in flora and fauna. However, amongst all of them here are the two National Parks that stands out.
Chitwan National Park is the first national park in Nepal and has been on the World Heritage Site list since 1984. It is located in the subtropical Inner Terai lowlands of south-central Nepal ranging at an altitude of 100 meters in the river valleys to 815 meters in Churia Hills.
The vegetation of Inner Terai is characterized by Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forest with about 70% of the national park covered by sal. Beleric (Terminalia belliricia), axlewood (Anogeissus latifolia), rosewood (Dalbergia sissoo), elephant apple (Dillenia indica), grey downy balsam (Garuga pinnata) and creepers like Spatholobus parviflorus and Bauhinia vahlii are some shrubs species and smaller flowering trees. Rhino apple trees (Trewia nudiflora), the fruits of this trees are much loved by rhinos. About 20% of the park area is covered by Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands where more than 50 species of plants can be found including world’s tallest grasses.
Now, let’s take a turn to wildlife. You may find it hard to believe knowing the fact that Chitwan National Park has more than 700 species of wildlife and there are many species of insects, moth, and butterfly which haven’t been surveyed yet. There are 17 other species of snakes, monitor lizards and starred tortoise, not counting rock python and king cobra. There are 113 recorded species of mugger crocodiles and fish. Also, Chitwan National Park has been the habitat of 68 species mammal. One of the popular wildlife is Bengal Tiger also titles as “King of the Jungle.” Leopards can be found too. The park is also the home to 200 to 250 individual sloth bears. In your tour, you can also spot Bengal foxes, spotted linsangs, smooth-coated otters, and honey badgers. You will see striped hyenas on the southern slopes of Churia Hills. Other wildlife you may encounter includes golden jackals, leopard cats, wild dogs, crab-eating mongooses and many others.
One horned Rhinoceros is another attraction Chitwan National Park. One horned Rhinoceros is also in the list of endangered species Four-horned antelopes, and endangered hispid hared can be found too.
Chitwan National Park has over 600 species of birds. Some endangered species like Bengal florican, lesser adjutant, swamp francolin, grey-crowned prinia and several species of grass warblers can be found in the park. The park is also home to globally threatened spotted eagle. Oriental darter, storks, kingfishers, egrets, brahminy ducks, goosanders are some birds that can be found in the park.
The richness in biodiversity of Chitwan National Park will certainly allure you, and with us, it will be more special because for us you are not a customer, but a guest as our policy concur with the popular saying of Nepal, “Guest is God.”